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古玩行2019精品推荐第11期:袁大头十年禁止流通银样币-
   来源:   2019-10-28 19:47
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袁大头是民国时期主要流通货币之一,“袁大头”是对袁世凯像系列硬币的口语俗称,严谨点说叫“袁世凯像背嘉禾银币”。清朝灭亡之后,1912年4月袁世凯出任大总统。北洋政府鉴于当时铸币、纸币十分复杂,流通的中外货币在百种以上,规格不一,流通混乱,折算繁琐,民众积怨,同时也想借助货币改制以解决军费问题,便决定铸发国币。袁世凯为了提高自己的统治地位,把他的头像铸于币面,“袁大头”由此而来。

Yuan Datou was one of the main circulating currencies in the Republic of China. Yuan Datou is a colloquial term for Yuan Shikai's series of coins, which is strictly called "Yuan Shikai carries Jiahe silver coins on his back". After the fall of the Qing Dynasty, Yuan Shikai became president in April 1912. In view of the complexity of coinage and paper money, the circulation of more than 100 kinds of Chinese and foreign currencies, different specifications, chaotic circulation, complicated conversion, and people's resentment, the Beiyang government also wanted to solve the problem of military expenditure by means of currency restructuring, so it decided to cast and issue national currency. In order to improve his ruling position, Yuan Shikai cast his head on the coin, and "yuan Dazou" came from this.

 

这是一枚民国十年袁大头壹圆(银样币禁止流通),正面图案,中间为袁世凯戎装左侧面像,民国十年版银样币的外圈铸楷书“银样币·禁止流通”内圈为发行版袁大头十年银币,中间为袁世凯侧面像,上方为“中华民国十年造”。背面图案,外圈为英文 "coin silver sanvple·circulation no",内圈为袁大头十年发行版背面,图案为两珠交叉的嘉禾,中间楷书“壹圆”。此枚样币,工极尽精美。币面光洁无痕,自然氧化,色彩丰富,美轮美奂,极其罕见,是为中国近代机制钱币珍贵的试铸样币之一。

This is a yuan Datou one yuan coin in the ten years of the Republic of China (the silver sample coin is forbidden to circulate), with a positive pattern. In the middle is the left side figure of Yuan Shikai's uniform. In the outer circle of the ten years of the Republic of China silver sample coin, the regular script "silver sample coin, forbidden to circulate" is cast. In the inner circle is the silver coin in the ten years of the Republic of China, in the middle is the side figure of Yuan Shikai, and in the upper part is "made in the ten years of the Republic of China". On the back, the outer circle is "Coin Silver sanvple · circulation no" in English. On the inner circle is the back of the ten year release of yuan Datou. The pattern is Jiahe with two beads crossed. In the middle, the regular script "one circle" is written. This sample coin is extremely exquisite. The coin is bright and clean, natural oxidation, rich in color, beautiful and extremely rare. It is one of the precious specimen coins for the modern mechanism of China.

在中国银元史上有一定的地位。清朝时期,朝廷对外不能抵御外国列强的侵略,外国币在中国行用,失去了货币自主权。对内中央政府对地方政府的控制权日益削弱,各省地方长官为增强各自的财力及扩充军事力量也纷纷制造和发行货币,货币金融十分紊乱。1912年中华民国建立,孙中山任临时大总统,令江南造币厂归财政部管理,主张把铸币权集中于中央政府,并着手定币制。不久,袁世凯在中外反动势力扶植下,迫使孙中山于民国元年四月一日让位,故币制问题未及整顿。

It has a certain position in the history of Chinese silver dollar. During the Qing Dynasty, the imperial court was unable to resist the invasion of foreign powers. Foreign currency was used in China, and it lost its currency autonomy. The central government's control over the local government is weakening day by day. In order to strengthen their financial resources and expand their military power, the governors of each province have also made and issued currency, which is very disordered. When the Republic of China was founded in 1912, Sun Yat-sen was appointed as the temporary president of the Republic of China. He ordered Jiangnan mint to be under the management of the Ministry of finance. He advocated that the seigniorage should be concentrated in the central government and set about the currency system. Soon, Yuan Shikai, supported by the reactionary forces at home and abroad, forced Sun Yat-sen to abdicate on April 1, the first year of the Republic of China, so the currency system was not rectified.

 

袁大头在货币收藏界被称为银元之宝,它是我国近千种近代银币中流传最广、影响最大的银元品种,也是近代中国币制变革中的一个重要角色。近几年袁大头,可谓是收藏界的潜力股,值得藏家们关注

Yuan Datou is known as the treasure of silver dollar in the field of currency collection. It is the most popular and influential silver dollar variety among nearly one thousand kinds of modern silver coins in China, and also an important role in the currency system reform of modern China. In recent years, yuan Datou is a potential stock in the collection industry, which deserves the attention of collectors.

 

华夏文明上下五千年,历史文化源远流长。每一个历史发展的阶段都是我们国家成长的足迹,银元也正是这历史银河中组成的重要部分。它不仅代表着近代中国的货币文化,反映了我国近代历史、经济、金融的兴衰和沧桑,同时袁大头十年银样币在信息高度发达的今天,具有极高的科研价值,文化价值及收藏价值。毫不夸张的说这是国之宝藏,毋庸置疑也将是广大收藏爱好者、资深藏家趋之若鹜的臻品。

Chinese civilization has a long history of 5000 years. Every stage of historical development is the footprint of our country's growth, and silver dollar is an important part of this historical galaxy. It not only represents the currency culture of modern China, but also reflects the rise and fall of modern history, economy and finance of our country. At the same time, the silver sample currency of the first ten years of Yuan Da has a high scientific research value, cultural value and collection value. It is no exaggeration to say that this is the treasure of the country, and it will undoubtedly be the best product that the majority of collectors and senior collectors are eager for.

 

此中华民国十年造壹圆袁大头是禁止流通银样币,市面上十分稀有。

Yuan Dadou, who made one yuan in ten years of the Republic of China, is prohibited from circulating silver sample coins, which are very rare on the market.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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